First things first, you’ll need to know what exactly a stroke is. A stroke is an obstruction of a blood vessel in the brain from the heart. This obstruction causes the brain to not have sufficient amount of oxygen for the brain cells so they begin to die.
There are two types of stroke, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke. In the case of an ischemic stroke, there is a blockage of one of the blood vessels in the brain due to plaque buildup because of high cholesterol or a blood clot. With the hemorrhagic stroke, there is a rupturing of the blood vessel causing internal bleeding outside of the heart and this can be due to an aneurysm from high blood pressure.
How can you know if someone is having a stroke? “ACT F.A.S.T“! This is the acronym that can be kept in mind when you suspect that a person is having a stroke. “F” stands for face. Can you tell if one side of their face or lip is drooping? “A” stands for arms. Ask the person if they can lift both their arms, if that person is having a stroke one or both arms may not be able to be lifted. “S” stands for speech. Ask the person what their name is. People who are having a stroke will not be able to form a sentence without you understanding them. And lastly, “T” stands for time. Time is of the essence, the person who is possibly having a stroke needs all the time that they can get. Calling 9-1-1 fast after the person has all of these symptoms can possibly save their life!